SCANPUB conducting it’s annual Summer Symposium in Bergen August 28-30th 2019


SCANPUB conducted it’s annual summer symposium at the University of Bergen, Faculty of Social Sciences August 28-30th 2019. The program presented was as follows:

Wednesday 28th of August

19:00. Welcome-dinner

Thursday 29th of August

10:00 Coffee etc. available

10:15 Welcome by Jostein Gripsrud

10:20 Anniken Hagelund:  Scandinavian immigration policies: A comparative overview

10:40 Q&D

11:10 Jan Fredrik Hovden: Scandinavian media coverage of migration 1970- 2016: A comparison of the three countries’ profiles

11:30 Q&D

12:00 Short break

12:10 Hilmar Mjelde: Changes in opinions and attitudes: Analytical, historical overview of voting polls

12:30 Q&D

13:00 Simple Norwegian lunch served in the seminar room

14:00 Hallvard Moe og Silje Nygaard: Online media and their relations to the public sphere at large

14:20 Q&D

14:50 Coffee

15:10 Jens Kjeldsen og Ida Andersen: Arguments and arenas: Comparing immigration debates in words and images

15:30 Q&D

15:50 End of seminar, day one

Friday 30th of August

10:00 Coffee etc. available

10:15 Kristina Riegert: “Danes are only interested in getting to know other cultures when they are on vacation” – what feature articles say about immigration in Scandinavia 1970-2016

10:35 Q&D

11:05 John Magnus R. Dahl: Migration and the arts: Literature, film, TV, stages

11:25 Q&D

11:55: Short break

12:05 Ragnhild Mølster: Public discourse and political decision-making

12:25 Q&D

12:55 Simple Norwegian lunch in the seminar room

14:00 Jostein Gripsrud: Tentative explanations: Longer vs shorter historical lines

14:20 Q&D

14:50 Jostein Gripsrud: Into our final year

15:00 End of seminar, day two


SCANPUB conducting it’s third annual Winter Symposium in Oslo January 24-25th 2019

SCANPUB conducted its third annual winter symposium at the Institute for Social Research January 24-25th 2019. The program presented was as follows:

Thursday 24th

10.00: Welcome with Jostein Gripsrud.

10.20: Grete Brochmann (UiO): “Overview of the Scandinavian immigration field”

11.00: Anniken Hagelund (UiO): “Opposition against immigration in Scandinavia”

11.40: Arnfinn Midtbøen (ISF): “The history of Citizenship in Scandinavia”

12.20: Axel West Pedersen (ISF): “The Scandinavian welfare state – now and then”

13.00: Lunch

14.00: Hilmar Mjelde (UiO): “Development in the public opinion on immigration in Scandinavia”

14.40: Atle Hennum Haugsgjerd (ISF): “Political trust and populism in Scandinavia”

15.20: Coffee Break

15.30: Lars Trägårdh (ESBH): “Swedish culture and the immigration debate”

16.10: Heidi Vad Jønsson (SDU): “Danish culture and the immigration debate”


Friday 25th

10.00: Coffee + Welcome

10.20: Hallvard Moe (UiB): “The Scandinavian media systems: Structures and development”

11.00: Jan Fredrik Hovden (UiB): “Scandinavian Journalist Cultures: Similarities and Differences”

11.50: Jostein Gripsrud (UiB): “Norwegian culture and immigration debate”

12.30: Lunch

13.30: Kjetil Jakobsen (Nord University): “The Scandinavian countries’ political history and ideas”

14.30: Summary and discussion.


Professor Jens Kjeldsen at “Migration, integration and skills”-seminar

December 12. 2018

Professor Jens Kjeldsen spoke upon the rhetoric of the immigration debate at the seminar “2015 – a bifurcation in Norwegian Asylum Policy“, December 12, held at the House of Literature in Bergen in collaboration with the project “Migration, integration and skills“.



PhD-Candidate Silje Nygaard at POLKOM, IMK Oslo

December 5. 2018

Phd-Candidate Silje Nygaard held the presentation “The role of immigration critical alternative media outlets in the Scandinavian immigration debate” at the POLKOM-group located at the department of Media and Communication, University of Oslo, 5. December. Silje also presented two of her sub-projects.

Professor Jostein Gripsrud and Postdoc Hilmar Mjelde at “Media Populism and European democracy”-Workshop

November 8. 2018

Professor Jostein Gripsrud and Postdoc Hilmar Mjelde participated at the workshop “Media Populism and European democracy” at the University of Copenhagen November 9. Professor Gripsrud gave the talk “Norway’s Progress Party: Populism and tabloidization”, and Postdoc Mjelde gave the talk “Crowning Moments: Transformative Populist Use of the Media and the Case of Carl I. Hagen and the 1987 No-Confidence Motion”.

The ECREA Conference


31. October – 3. November 2018

Several of SCANPUB’s members held presentations related to SCANPUB at the ECREA Conference in Lugano, happening 31. October – 3. November. Professor Hallvard Moe held two presentations: “Comparing platform ranking cultures across languages. The case of “Islam” on YouTube in Scandinavia» and “Ideals and policy: What kinds of normative theories are needed in media policy research?”, the latter together with Kari Karppinen. Professor Anniken Hagelund held the presentation: “The other other? Representations of anti-immigration positions in Scandinavian media, 1970-2016“. Professor Jan Fredrik Hovden held the presentation “Social class and the space of everyday media practices in Norway“, together with Lennart Rosenlund. Researcher Ragnhild Mølster held the presentation: “The influence of public debate on migration policy in Scandinavia during and after the 2015 European migration crisis“, PhD-Candidate Ida V. Andersen held the presentation “Appealing to solidarity: Swedish newspaper’s campaigns in the refugee crisis and the responses to them“, PhD-Candidate John Magnus R. Dahl held the presentation: “The arrival of immigrant-comedians. A comparative perspective on the first stand-up comedians with immigrant background in Scandinavia“, and PhD-Candidate Silje Nygaard held the presentation: “Symbolic boundary struggles in the Scandinavian immigration debate“. Professor Kristina Riegert held the presentation “From multiculturalism to Swedish values: How swedish press discourse of immigration is changing“.

SCANPUB`s second Theory Seminar in Les Arcs

September 24-25 2018


Nasjon, demokrati og velferdsstat

  • Michael Hechter, Nationalist puzzles, kap. 1 i Hechter, Containing nationalism. Oxford University Press 2000.
  • Nationalism i Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  • Arash Abizadeh, Does Liberal Democracy Presuppose a Cultural Nation? Four Arguments. American Political Science Review, Vol. 96, No. 3, 2002.

Menneskerettigheter, medborgerskap og immigrasjon

  1. Adam Etinson: Introduction i Human Rights: Moral or Political? By Adam Etinson. Oxford: Oxford University Presss 2018.
  2. a) Alex Levitov/Steven Macedo: Human Rights, Membership, and Moral Responsibility in an Unjust World, i Human Rights: Moral or Political?
  3. Seyla Benhabib: The Slippery Slope of Statist Cosmopolitanism: A Response to Levitov and Macedo, I samma bok.
  4. Abizadeh, Pandey, Abizadeh, Wage competition and the special obligations challenge to open borders. Politics, Philosophy & Economics, Vol 14 (3), 2015.


«Deliberative systems approach» og demokratiets epistemiske funksjon

  • Jane Mansbridge et al.: A systemic approach to deliberative democracy, i Deliberative Systems. Red.Parkinson/Mansbridge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2012
  • David Estlund og Helene Landemore: The Epistemic Value of Democratic Deliberation, kommer i Oxford Handbook of Deliberative Democracy

Ekspertise og demokrati

  • Thomas Christiano: Rational deliberation among experts and citizens, i Mansbridge/Parkinson, Deliberative Systems
  • Holst/Molander, Epistemic democracy and the role of experts, kommer I Contemporary Political Theory


Bergen, August 30-31th 2018

The program presented was as follows:

10.00 Jostein Gripsrud: Welcome: SCANPUB now


10.05 Jan Fredrik Hovden/Hilmar Mjelde: Immigration in Scandinavian newspapers 1970-                                2015: Results from a quantitative content analysis

10.35 Discussion

10.50 Coffee break

11.00 Paolo Mancini: What shapes the coverage of immigration?

11.30 Discussion

11.45 Hartmut Wessler: Comparing sentiments in media coverage on refugees, Islam and terrorism. A six-country study

12.15 Discussion

12.30 Lunch


13.30 Ida Andersen: The formation of public opinion in online comment sections

14.00 Discussion

14.15 Eirik Vassenden: Immigration and Scandinavian literature: A brief overview and an example

14.45 Discussion

15.00 Coffee break

15.15 Kristina Riegert and Jan Fredrik Hovden: Immigrants in Culture and Entertainment Journalism in the Scandinavian Press

15.45 Discussion

16.00 Jens E. Kjeldsen: Royal interventions in Scandinavian public discourse on immigration

16.30 Discussion

16.45 End

19.00 DINNER 

31 August:


10.15 Hans-Jörg Trenz: Solidarity contestations in the public domain during the refugee crisis: Report from a European comparative media analysis

10.45 Discussion

11.00 Marie Gillespie: Migrant Media? European Policy, Practice and Paradox

11.30 Discussion

11.45 Coffee break

12.00 Ragnhild Mølster: ‘Migrant Crisis’, Public Debate and Immigration Policy. A report from three Scandinavian immigration ministries

12.30 Discussion

12.45 Lunch


13.45 Anders Løkeland Slåke, Infomedia: Portraying a Major Minority in Televised Public Service Broadcasting: Portrayal of Polish Immigrants in the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. 

Luise Salte, Infomedia: The hijab and ‘us’. An analysis of argumentation and pespectives on diversity in a selection of Norwegian debates on the hijab.

14.15: Discussion

14.30 Coffee break


14.45 Jostein Gripsrud: Public sphere theory, the nation state and the history of public discourse on immigration in Scandinavia

15.15 Discussion

15.30 SCANPUB’s priorities in our final 2 years: A general discussion.

16.00: The End

Abstracts, alphabetically ordered:

Ida Andersen, University of Bergen: The formation of public opinion in online comment sections. In and through the many discourses we encounter and take part of in our everyday lives – big and small, formal and informal – we form opinions, beliefs and values that can be actualized in deliberative and electoral processes. Informed by analyses of Scandinavian comment sections debates about the refugee crisis, this paper argues that comment sections constitute one of the many arenas on which such communicative processes of collectivization (Vatnøy, 2017) take place. Findings suggest that these comments are neither deliberative, nor about refugees and immigration. Rather the comment sections primarily contain displays and evaluations of individual and collective identities and values. Thus, they concern – and can ultimately influence – people’s very idea of who they are and what community they are part of. Ultimately then, these informal, vernacular exchanges can have implications for deliberation and for political choice.

Thomas Hylland Eriksen, University of Oslo: Schismogenesis in the migration debate

Since the 1990s, migration has slowly, but surely established itself as one of the most important, if not the most important, political issues across Europe. In many countries, including Norway, public debate about these issues has become increasingly polarised, especially since the September 11 2001 terror attack in the US. The polarisation is partly a result of media priorities, but a more important factor is arguably the growing importance of the social media. In this intervention, I will apply Gregory Bateson’s concept of schismogenesis to the controversies over refugees and migration, exploring to what extent the mutually exclusive positions characterising the Norwegian debate can be understood as a self-reinforcing process where positions, rather than tending towards convergence, move further apart at every iteration. Schismogenesis, originally developed in Bateson’s monograph Naven (1937), a study of gender in New Guinea, can be seen as a vicious circle or a downward spiralling movement. According to the model, it can be overcome through the agency of a third instance. Drawing on examples from the Norwegian migration debate, I discuss which ‘third positions’ have been proposed and to what effect.


Marie Gillespie, Open University: Migrant Media? European Policy, Practice and Paradox

In the aftermath of the 2015 exodus of Syrian, Iraqi and Afghan refugees to Europe and the ensuing migration policy paralysis that endures to this day, the European Commission funded a new digital service called InfoMigrants in Arabic, English, French, Dari and Pashto). A mobile-first, web based platform deploying Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, Instagram and Viber, it aims to respond to the information needs of refugees and to counter smugglers’ narratives. The European Commission and the InfoMigrants Consortium used (our) academic and NGO research as the evidence base on which to secure funding and legitimate this initiative – an interesting case in itself the uses of research. In this presentation, I’ll examine how a policy was put into practice by leading European international broadcasters (France Medias Monde, Deutsche Welle) and the Italian news wire agency ANSA. Analysing digital and qualitative data on the evolution of the platform from conception to present-day, I will explore the paradoxical purpose of the InfoMigrants platform – the central tension between protection and prevention.


Jostein Gripsrud, UiB: Public sphere theory, the nation state and the history of public discourse on immigration in Scandinavia. The presentation is an attempt to think through how public sphere theory, especially the notion of deliberative systems (e.g. Jane Mansbridge), relate to the status and role of the nation state and its specific history in the comparative dimension of the SCANPUB project.


Jan Fredrik Hovden & Hilmar Mjelde , UiB: Immigration in Scandinavian newspapers 1970-2015: Results from a quantitative content analysis. Recent research by the SCANPUB project has confirmed that Denmark, Norway and Sweden have had strikingly different public discourses on the issue of immigration, with Swedish newspapers very dominated by immigration friendly views, Danish papers very open to strongly negative views and  with Norway in a middle position (Hovden et al. 2018). While that work analyzed only news article items, this article examines debate items to provide an overview and analysis of the newspaper debate on immigration in Scandinavia from 1970 to 2016, using new, comparative, and systematic data collected for these years by the SCANPUB project. The data consists of all opinion and debate items related to immigration in six newspapers over four constructed weeks for each of the forty-seven years under study, in total 5640 newspaper days.

Jens Kjeldsen, UiB: Royal interventions in Scandinavian public discourse on immigration. In the public discourse on immigration in Scandinavia, the voices of the Queen of Denmark and the Kings of Norway and Sweden are especially interesting instances of the negotiation of this controversial issue. Firstly, royals are not allowed to be political; hence, they must talk about immigration without taking sides or making any kind of political argument. Still, as the symbolic sovereign, they are expected to express general human and national values than are shared by the people. Secondly, in contrast to other public figures the monarch stays in position for years. This makes it possible to follow changes in views and rhetoric across many decades. Thirdly, since the monarchs represent three different countries, it is possible to compare national differences in rhetoric. This paper will examine across time and borders the royal rhetoric on immigration and its reception in Denmark, Norway and Sweden.

Paolo Mancini, University of Perugia: What shapes the coverage of immigration? Report from a study of the coverage of immigration before and after the Lampedusa shipwreck in October 3rd 2013 by the press in each of the following countries: Italy, Germany, Belgium (Flemish papers), United Kingdom. The main research question originally behind this project was: Do news media which are part of a single media corporation propose the same view of the immigration issue? And consequently, do different and contrasting views of this issue circulate being linked to different media corporations?


Ragnhild Mølster, UiB: ‘Migrant Crisis’, Public Debate and Immigration Policy. A report from three Scandinavian immigration ministries. In 2015 more than a million migrants and refugees crossed from Africa and the Middle East into Europe, sparking what is usually called the migrant crisis (or the’ refugee crisis’). The large number of refugees, caused among others by the Syrian civil war, represented an enormous challenge for European immigration authorities. Like many other European countries, Norway, Sweden and Denmark took emergency measures in order to cope with the high numbers of refugees crossing their borders. The crisis was heavily debated publicly in all the Scandinavian countries. This paper asks how the voices of public debate resonated into the Scandinavian ministries during the crisis and the following years. With information from interviews with civil servants and communication officers in the immigration ministries in all three countries, it seeks a better understanding of the processes that might lead from the mediated immigration debate to actual policy. How does the impact of the public actually work, and what part does bureaucracy play in these mechanisms?

Kristina Riegert, Stockholm University and Jan Fredrik Hovden, University of Bergen:

Immigrants in Culture and Entertainment Journalism in the Scandinavian Press


This paper focuses on the representation and discourse about immigrants and their offspring in Danish, Norwegian and Swedish cultural and entertainment journalism between the 1980s and 2010s. Cultural journalism highlights questions of identity, different cultural experiences, lifestyle advice, reflection and debate on “what it means to be human today” (Svanevik 2017). It is also more individually focused, evaluative, and more commercially oriented than political journalism. By means of quantitative content analysis and textual analysis of specific cases, the study will investigate whether the types of immigrants given attention and the way they are portrayed has changed over time, and if this differs between countries and between tabloid and quality dailies. This will be related to current Scandinavian research on immigration news as well as research on the changing role of ethnicity in cultural and entertainment journalism.


Hans-Jörg Trenz, Copenhagen University: A Divided Europe? Solidarity contestation in the public sphere during the ‘refugee crisis’. Big fault lines had opened up across the European Union about the question of how the so-called refugee crisis should be handlded. What was the extent of these fault lines and the relationship between Europeanisation and divisions when thinking of European solidarity? We have analysed solidarity contestation in the context of the so-called refugee crisis from September 2016 to April 2016 focusing on eight European receiving countries (Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Italy, Poland, and Switzerland). First, we identify the extent to which acts of solidarity towards refugees were granted public awareness and what claims on behalf of or against hospitality towards refugees were made, and by whom. Secondly, we reconstruct the dynam-ics of solidarity contestation in the public sphere in terms of competing interests and interpretations between EU-member states, their main lines of division and allegiances. Thirdly, we examine the discursive construction of European solidarity in terms of its underlying conceptions, ideas and norms that drive public debate, and how such different notions of solidarity are used in contestations between various allegiances (e.g., proponents and opponents of humanitarian solidarity, of national exclusive solidarity, or of populism and xenophobia). Fourthly, we trace the different dynamics of media-driven solidarity contestation from the perspective of public claims makers in the media who make the news, as well as from the perspective of citizens who read and comment on the news. As we will show European countries display very different attitudes with regard to the question of transnational solidarity and whether hospitality should be granted to the incoming refugees.

Eirik Vassenden, Department of Linguistic, Literary and Aesthetic Studies, UiB:

Immigration and Scandinavian literature: A brief overview and an example

Ever since the 1980s, immigration to Scandinavia has been a – often hotly – debated theme in Scandinavian literature and literary criticism. Since Khalid Hussein published his first novel Pakkis (1985), widely considered «relevant» and «important», but not «good», there has been a standing call for «the great Norwegian immigration novel» amongst book reviewers. This demand for a specific way of making an issue of the migrant’s experience has not been met, neither in Norway, Sweden nor in Denmark – and it is possible to see a tendency among writers to protest against having to «represent» anything other than themselves. In fact, writers such as Jonas Hassen Khemiri (SE) and Yahya Hassan (DK) can even be seen as responding to this demand from the critical reception by commenting explicitly on it, thereby producing «meta-immigrant» literature. The presentation will give a brief outline of the history and critical discussion of this phenomenon, before moving on to the main example: a (perhaps involuntary) candidate for «the great Norwegian immigrant novel»: Zeshan Shakar’s prize winning novel Tante Ulrikkes vei (2017) and its critical reception. Although Shakar has openly refused attempts to pigeonhole his novel as «immigrant literature», it is difficult not to read it as a relevant and important (and pessimistic) contribution to the discussion of immigration and issues of culture clashes.


Hartmut Wessler, University of Mannheim: Comparing sentiments in media coverage on refugees, Islam and terrorism. A six-country study. The disursive differentiation between refugees and terrorists in media coverage is an important precondition for a rational immigration policy debate and for countering anti-refugee attitudes in media audiences. Similarly, distinguishing the coverage of Islam on the one hand and the coverage of terrorists claiming to act on behalf of Muslims on the other hand is key to facilitating rational debate on both Islam’s role in society and strategies against terrorism. To what degree, then, is the coverage of all three – refugees, Islam and terrorism – similar in tone, or to what degree do these three discourses exhibit distinct sentiment profiles as a precursor of the kind of differentiation mentioned above? And to what degree do these sentiment profiles vary between Western and Muslim countries? This study aims at answering these questions by way of an automated multilingual sentiment analysis of large amounts of carefully selected online news from Germany and Switzerland, the USA and Australia as well as Turkey and Lebanon drawn from the MIND (Mannheim International News Discourse) dataset covering the peak of the recent refugee movement in 2015/2016.

SCANPUB conducting its second annual Winter Symposium in Helsinki January 24-26th 2018

SCANPUB conducted its second annual winter symposium at the Helsinki Collegium of Advanced Studies.

The program presented was as follows:

Thursday 25 January:

10.00: Jostein Gripsrud (University of Bergen / Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies): Welcome: How are we doing?
10.15: Ferruh Yilmaz (Tulane University): How the Workers Became Muslims
10.45: Questions/discussion

11:00 Coffee Break

11.15: Stig Hjarvard (University of Copenhagen): Immigration: The historical formation of fear
11.45: Questions/discussion
12.00: Jan Fredrik Hovden & Hilmar Mjelde (University of Bergen): Key preliminary results of SCANPUB’s quantitative content analyses
12.30: Questions/discussion

12.45: Lunch

14.00: Mervi Pantti (University of Helsinki): Finnish immigration debate during the European border crisis: strategies of fear and anti-fear
14.30: Questions/discussion
14.45: Karina Horsti (University of Jyväskylä): Visual representation of migrant death at Europe’s border
15.15: Questions/ discussion

15.30: Coffee break

16.00: Ida Andersen (University of Bergen): Formation and re-formation of political identities: Online debates about the refugee crisis as arenas for discussions about who ‘we’ are
16.30: Questions/discussion
16.45: Elisa Husu (University of Helsinki): The Discourses of the 2015 Migrant Crisis in Finnish Mass Media
17.00: Questions/discussion
17.30: End

Friday 26 January

10.00: Jostein Gripsrud (University of Bergen / Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies): National identity in multicultural nation states: A Critique of Jürgen Habermas’ notion of Verfassungspatriotismus 10.30: Questions/discussion
10.45: Leen d’Haenens, (University of Leuven): The Image of Immigrants in the Media: Thought-provoking Effects. Presentation of the IM2MEDIATE-project
11.15: Questions/discussion

11.30: Coffee break

11.45: Silje Nygaard (University of Bergen): Online Discourses on Immigration: Preliminary Results based on SCANPUB´s Quantitative Content Analysis
12.15: Questions/discussion
12.30: Two SCANPUB projects briefly presented:
John Magnus Dahl (University of Bergen): Immigration humour in Scandinavia
Ragnhild Mølster (University of Bergen): The influence of public immigration debate on immigration policy in Scandinavia
13.00: Questions/discussion

13.15 Lunch

14.15: Brainstorm, in groups: What to do with the enormous material gathered?
15.00: Reports from groups, discussion.
15.30: Summing up
15.45: End

Post-doctor Hilmar Mjelde gives lectures on radicalization and right wing extremism

Post-doctor Hilmar Mjelde gave two lectures this fall in the course “Societal security and crisis management. Terrorism and counterterrorism” at the Department of  Comparative Politics.
On October 20th, Mjelde gave a lecture on the topic of radicalization and de-radicalization, focusing on extreme Islamism. On November 17th, the focus of the lecture was right wing extremism in Europe, with an emphasis on ideology and right wing extremist violence.

“The Refugee Crisis in Scandinavian Newspapers”

Post-doc Hilmar Mjelde presented the paper “The Refugee Crisis in Scandinavian Newspapers” at the ECREA conference “Migration and communication flows: rethinking borders, conflict and identity through the digital” in Bilbao, Spain. The conference, organized by the Diaspora, Migration and Media section of ECREA, was held at the University of Basque Country in Bilbao, 2.-3. November 2017. The article by Jostein Gripsrud, Jan Fredrik Hovden and Mjelde, the first in a collaborative project between SCANPUB and colleagues at the London School of Economics, maps and analyses quantitatively how Scandinavian news press covered the crisis in the spring, summer, and autumn of 2015. The data supplements “The European migration crisis and the media” project, carried out by the London School of Economics in 2015, which studied coverage by 20 European newspapers in eight countries over the same period, none of which were Scandinavian. The authors find that overall, Scandinavian newspapers have less negative coverage of the Syrian immigrants than their North-European neighbors. Moreover, German press coverage of the Syrian refugees crisis at times appears to be somewhat more similar to the Scandinavian than the French and British, while the Danish coverage resembles the continental-European in the sense of taking a somewhat more critical approach to the crisis than Sweden and Norway.

“The nation as fiction and fact”

SCANPUB director, Professor Jostein Gripsrud, will give a talk on “The nation as fiction and fact” at “Högre seminaret”, Stockholm University, november 2.

“Media, Culture and Participation”

PhD candidates, Ida Andersen and John Magnus Dahl, presented their papers at the PhD course Media, Culture and Participation at the Norwegian University Centre in Paris October 25th – 27th. The course centered around participatory dimensions of audiences interactions with the media and with forms of expressive culture, with particular focus on civic and sociological perspectives of audiences.

Ida Andersen presented the essay Political talk in online debates about the refugee crisis.
The essay explores how citizens in Scandinavia engage in discussions about the refugee on social media that resembles informal everyday conversations. The informal ‘talk’ about the refugee crisis found in these discussions differs from the political discourse in the formal arenas of the public sphere. It is not so much concerned with the outcomes of political issues but rather with questions of how the issue should be understood, and how and why the issue is relevant for their political community. Such discussion are also part of the political discourse, the essay argues. By engaging in discussions about what it means – and what it should mean – to be Norwegian, Swedish and Danish, the participants form and perform political identities and community that influences their conceptions of what the outcome of the collective decisions should be.

“Forskningsdagene UNG”

SCANPUB PhD Candidate Silje Nygaard talked about immigration critical alternative media at Forskningsdagene UNG on September 28. The aim of Forskningsdagene UNG is to create enthusiasm and understanding of research among high school students. Nygaard talked about how immigration critical alternative media online tell the news, and how they currently challenge traditional news media as gatekeepers of the public debate.

Nordic Film Days in Lübeck

Professor Tone Kolbjørnsen will present the paper “Iram Haq and Norwegian Migrant Cinema: Family and Love” at Nordic Film Days in Lübeck, november 1.-5.

SCANPUB director participating in the annual “Kulturrikets tilstand” conference

SCANPUB director, Professor Jostein Gripsrud, will give a talk on “Nasjonen som fiksjon og faktum” at the annual “Kulturrikets tilstand” conference in Oslo, oktober 25.

“Societal security and crisis management. Terrorism and counterterrorism”

Postdoctoral fellow Hilmar Mjelde will hold two lectures, “Radikalisering og forebygging av radiokalisering (october 20th) and “Høyreekstremisme” (november 18th), as part of the course “Societal security and crisis management. Terrorism and counterterrorism”, University of Bergen.

SCANPUB theory seminar in Les Arcs-sur-Argens, September 2-3, 2017

Anders Molander: Kort om opplegget og om hvorfor samfunnsforskere bør interessere seg for normativ teori – og politiske filosofer for empirisk forskning.

Migrasjon og grenser
Bakgrundsläsning: Sarah Fine, The Ethics of Immigration: Self-Determination and the Right to Exclude, Philosophy Compass 8/3 (2013)
Kort intro: Anders Molander
Diskussion av: Joseph Carens, Aliens and Citizens: The Case for Open Borders. Review of Politics 1987 (49). Hilmar Mjelde innleder


Statsborgerskap og nasjonal identitet
Bakgrundsläsning: Citizenship, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Kort intro: Anders Molander
Diskussion av: Jürgen Habermas: Citizenship and National Identity. Jostein Gripsrud innleder


Velferdsstaten i det flerkulturelle samfunn
Bakgrundsläsning: Multiculturalism, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, spec. 3.3.

Kort intro: Anders Molander
Diskussion av Will Kymlicka, Solidarity in diverse societies: beyond neoliberal multiculturalism and welfare chauvinism, i Comparative Migration Studies (2015) 3:17, med svar från Rainer Bauböck i (2016) 4:5. Dag Elgesem innleder


Deliberasjon og offentlig meningsdanning: normativ teori og empirisk forskning
Bakgrundsläsning: AM, Demokrati och deliberation
Kort intro: Anders Molander
Ragnhild Mølster: Presentation av Diana Mutz, Is Deliberative Democracy a Falsifiable Theory?, i Annual Review of Political Science 2008
Diskusjon av Jason Brennan, Against Democracy, Princeton University Press 2016, kap. 1 og 3, med tonvikt på 3. Hallvard Moe innleder.

SCANPUB papers presented at the Nordmedia Conference 17-19 August, 2017


Jostein Gripsrud:
Covering the Cultural Public Sphere

Kristina Riegert & Jonathan Norström, Stockholm University
Cultural Values in Swedish Press Coverage of Immigration 2007-2016

Stig Hjarvard, University of Copenhagen:
Fearing Muslim immigration: Perceptions of Islam, value politics and the role of media

Jostein Gripsrud, University of Bergen:
“Nation” and “nationalism” revisited

Ragnhild Mølster, University of Bergen:
Studying the relations of the mediated public sphere and immigration policy in Scandinavia

Jostein Gripsrud, Jan Fredrik Hovden and Hilmar Mjelde, University of Bergen:
The refugee crisis in Scandinavian press
Power Point presentation
How was the refugee crisis of 2015 covered in the Scandinavian press? Arguing that Scandinavia offers a particularly interesting case, both because of the three countries’ shared qualities (similar cultures and political organization, including strong welfare state, and similar media systems), the study follows the coverage of the Syrian refugee crisis of 2015 in six major Scandinavian newspapers (two in each country), for ten days after each of the three important events: The mass drownings in early april, publication of the photo of Alan Kurdi in september and the November attach in Paris. Major patterns in the coverage, including the framing of the immigrants, the arguments in play and the voices we got to hear, and how this differed by country and outlet are established via an extensive content analysis of 360 news articles and selective qualitative readings. A discussion of the differences between the Scandinavian coverage and the coverage in other major European countries follows. This work is part of the SCANPUB project, whereas the research design is adopted from the “Migration and the Media” project at LSE.

IAMCR conference in Cartagena, Colombia 

PhD candidate Ida Andersen presented the paper Researching online publics in the Audience Section at the IAMCR conference in Cartagena, Colombia, July 2017. Read the abstract here.

Rhetoric in Society conference in Norwich, England

PhD candidate Ida Andersen presented the paper “Rhetorical constructions of ‘us’ and ‘them’ in online debates about the photos of Alan Kurdi” at the Rhetoric in Society conference in Norwich, England, July 2017. Read the abstract here.

ECREA Doctoral Summer School

PhD Candidate John Magnus R. Dahl presented his PhD project ‘Immigration humour in the Scandinavian public spheres” at The European Media and Communication Doctoral Summer School in Milan, August 2017.

SCANPUB Summer Symposium in Paris, June 7-9, 2017


10.15: Joint meeting of the Steering Committee and the Scientific Advisory Board
12.00: Lunch
14.00: Jostein Gripsrud: Welcome
14.15: Michel Wieviorka, Maison des Sciences de l’Homme: Multiculturalism revisited
14.45 Q&A, discussion
15.15. Grete Brochmann, University of Oslo: Immigration and integration: Research, policy formation and the role of the expert
15.45 Q&A, discussion
16.15: Coffee & cookies
16.30 Tristan Mattelart, Université de Paris II: European institutions and media representations of ethnic minorities: The ambiguities of    cultural diversity policies
17.00 Q&A, discussion
17.30 End


10.00 Lilie Chouliaraki, London School of Economics: Visualities of the migration crisis in 5 European countries. A crisis of responsibility
10.30 Q&A, discussion
10.45 Rafal Zaborowski, LSE: Media and migration: A study of the media coverage of the 2015 refugee crisis in 8 European countries
11.00 Jan Fredrik Hovden, UiB; Hilmar Mjelde, UiB: : Media and migration in Scandinavian newspapers: Preliminary results from the Scandinavian addition to the LSE Media and migration project (2015) and the SCANPUB content analysis (1970-2016).
11.25 Q&A, discussion
11.55 Lunch
13.30 Jens Kjeldsen, UiB: Rhetorical perspectives on visual representations of the 2015 refugee crisis
14.00 Q&A, discussion
14.15 Ib & Ulla Bondebjerg, Copenhagen University: Multicultural Reality – Divided Nation: New Danish Cinema and the Challenge of Cultural Globalisation
14.45 Q&A, discussion
15.00 Coffee
15.15 John Magnus Ragnhildson Dahl, UiB: Immigration humour, audiences and the public sphere.
15.45 Q&A, discussion
16.00 Jostein Gripsrud, UiB: Notions of ’nation’, migration and Scandinavia
16.30 Q&A, discussion
16.45: End


09.30 – 11.00 : Future directions for SCANPUB: An open discussion on projects and events

SCANPUB winter symposium in Bergen, January 19-20, 2017


10.00 Velkomst, kaffe og smalltalk
10.15 Jostein Gripsrud (UiB): Offentlighetsteori, historiske perspektiver og SCANPUB
10.45 Diskusjon
11.00 Jan Fredrik Hovden/Hilmar Mjelde (UiB): Kvantitativ innholdsanalyse 1970-2015
11.20 Diskusjon/brainstorm
11.50 Kaffe
12.00 Jens Kjeldsen(UiB): Retoriske perspektiver på innvandringsdebatt
12.30: Diskusjon
12.45: Lunsj
13.30: Hakan Sicakkan (UiB): Nytt perspektiv på sosiale medier og fragmentering av offentligheten: Rapport fra en internasjonal studie av 400 Facebook-sider.
14.00: Diskusjon
14.15: Kjersti Thorbjørnsrud (ISF): Hva prosjektet Mediation of Migration fant ut
14.45: Diskusjon
15.00: Kaffe
15.15: David Nicolas Hopmann (Syd-dansk Universitet): Interpersonal discussions and immigration attitudes
15.45: Diskusjon
16.00: Marjan Nadim (ISF): Forskning om og omkring hatefulle ytringer
16.30: Diskusjon
16.45 Slutt for i dag


10.00: Kaffe og smalltalk
10.15: Glimt fra to SCANPUB-prosjekter om debatt: Ida Andersen (PhD-student): Kommentarfeltdebatt etter bildene av Alan Kurdi, og Marit Bjøntegård (MA-student): Innvandringsdebatt i valgkamper.
10.45: Diskusjon
11.00: Karoline Andrea Ihlebæk (UiO): Å redigere innvandringsdebatt: Rapport fra et pågående prosjekt
11.30: Debatt
11.45: Kaffe
12.00: Jan Fredrik Hovden (UiB): Hva vi vil og hva vi gjør med SCANPUBS kvantitative innholdsanalyse
12.30: Diskusjon
12.45 Lunsj
13.30: Kari Steen-Johnsen (ISF): Hva er integrasjon? Hva betyr sivilsamfunnet for integrasjon?
14.00: Diskusjon
14.15: Mediene som integrasjonsarena: Glimt fra to tekstanalytiske SCANPUB-prosjekter: Tone Kolbjørnsen (UiB): Kjærlighet og innvandring i film og TV, og John Magnus Ragnhildsson Dahl: Komikk, komedier, satire
15.00: Oppsummering og frampek
15.15: Slutt

“Fearing Muslim immigration: Perceptions of Islam, value politics and the role of media”

Professor Stig Hjarvard will give a talk on “Fearing Muslim immigration: Perceptions of Islam, value politics and the role of media” at the International Symposium on Media and Fear at University of Lund, March 16th 2017.

SCANPUB director participating in the Holberg Debate

SCANPUB director, Professor Jostein Gripsrud, will participate in the first Holberg Debate on December 03, 2016 – 15:00 – 17:00. House of Literature in Bergen. Click here for video.

“Populism, Media Dynamics and Post-Factual Discourse”

Stig Hjarvard gave a keynote lecture on “Populism, Media Dynamics and Post-Factual Discourse” at the 20th anniversary of the COMET research centre in Tampere, Finland, November 25, 2016. Click here for more info.

SCANPUB director participating in the annual Arts Council Norway conference

SCANPUB director, Professor Jostein Gripsrud, participated in the annual Arts Council Norway conference: “Den store samtalen”, Stavanger Konserthus, November 09, 2016. Click here for video.

Grenser for ytringer? Debattkulturer i digitale medier”

SCANPUB director, Professor Jostein Gripsrud, participated in the public debate: “Grenser for ytringer? Debattkulturer i digitale medier”, September 26, 2016. House of Literature in Oslo (Forskningsdagene).

SCANPUB opening symposium at Solstrand Fjord Hotel, August 25-26, 2016


10.00 Jostein Gripsrud: Welcome – about SCANPUB and the symposium
10.15 A round of brief self-presentations of participants


10.30 Rodney Benson (New York University): “Shaping Immigration News: Research Design and Methods”
11.00: Questions & discussion
11.15 Jill Loga (UniResearch, Bergen): The Regime of Goodness: Moral and discursive power
11.45 Questions and discussion
12.00: Lunch
13.00 Anniken Hagelund (University of Oslo): The Importance of Decency: Norwegian debates on immigration policy 1970-2002
13.30: Questions and discussion
13.45 Coffee break


14.00 The quantitative content analysis. Brief introduction by Jan Fredrik Hovden
14.30 The qualitative content analysis: Brief introduction by Jens Kjeldsen
15.00 Public discourse and public opinion: Brief introduction by Stig Hjarvard
15.30 Online media and its publics: Brief introduction by Hallvard Moe
16.00 Coffee break
16.15 Public discourse and political decision-making: Brief introduction by Toril Aalberg
16.45: Explanatory factors: Scandinavian similarities and differences: Brief introduction by Kristina Riegert
17.15 End
19.30 Dinner – with a brief salute to the project by UiB Rector Dag Rune Olsen


10.00 Hartmut Wessler (University of Mannheim): Comparing and evaluating public discourse
10.30 Questions and discussion
10.45 Paolo Mancini (University of Perugia): Media Systems and the Shape of Public Discourse: Scandinavian Media Systems in a Comparative Perspective
11.15 Questions and discussion
11.30 Coffee and check-out
12.00 Jostein Gripsrud (University of Bergen): The Immigration Issue and Public Sphere Theory
12.30 Questions and discussion
13.00 Lunch
14.00 END